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		14 February 2018
		

Day of liberation of Rostov-on-Don

День освобождения Ростова-на-Дону "Today, on February 14, breaking the stubborn resistance of the enemy, our troops seized the city of Rostov-on-Don. In the battles for Rostov distinguished troops Lieutenant-General Comrade Gerasimenko VF"

- From the newsletter of the Informbureau for February 14, 1943


The German troops occupied Rostov-on-Don twice: in the fall of 1941 and in the summer of 1942. For the first time, German troops approached the city on November 17, 1941. The offensive led the 3rd Panzer Corps of the 1st Panzer Army under the command of E. von Mackensen as part of the 13th and 14th Panzer Divisions, the 60th Motorized Infantry Division and the 1st SS Division. The city was defended by the 56th Army of the Red Army under the command of General FN Remezov, which, along with other units, included the 339th Rostov Rifle Division and the Rostov Rifle Regiment of the People's Militia, formed from local residents. On January 1, 1943, the troops of the Southern Front launched an offensive.
Immediately after Christmas, as a result of the successful interaction of the 6th and 11th German tank divisions under the Tatsinskaya stanitsa, the 2nd Guards Tank Corps was defeated as part of the 4th Guards, 2nd, 54th Tank and 24th Motorized Rifle Brigades . The position of the Wehrmacht in the Caucasus became critical. The 17th Army retreated to the Kuban bridgehead, and the 1st Tank Army moved to Rostov. Restraining the onslaught of the three Russian armies, the operational group "Hollidt" and the 48th Panzer Corps withdrew to the Seversky Donets River.
The command of Army Group Don decided to use the 7th and 11th Panzer Divisions to strike a counterattack against the enemy advancing through the lower Manych to Rostov. On January 22, Manstein forwarded the 11th Panzer Division of General Balck to the southern bank of the Don to support the counterattack of the Fourth Panzer Army. On January 23, the 11th Panzer Division, in cooperation with 16 md, struck at the advancing Russian units and threw them back to the village of Manych. On January 24, the German units attacked the village, but were repulsed. The enemy greatly strengthened the stanitsa: between the houses he placed fixed tank points, which were difficult not only to suppress, but also to detect.
The Russians resumed the pressure between the four tank armies and one tank army with the aim of capturing 4 tank armies from the south and pushing back one tank army from Rostov. On February 4 - 5, the situation at the front of Army Group Don was noticeably aggravated. The enemy heavily crowded 4 tank armies, covering the Rostov crossing of the Don and the withdrawal of 1 tank army through Rostov. Two Russian armies 44 and 58 joined those three (51st, 2nd Guards and 28th armies), which operated against the four tank armies. It was clear that the enemy was preparing an offensive by large forces against Rostov. On February 7, the Russians took Bataysk, a suburb of the city of Rostov, which is located on the southern bank of the Don.
On February 14, parts of the Soviet 28th Army (commanded by General Gerasimenko VF) seized the city of Rostov.
Soviet troops were stopped on the river Mius, where the Germans built a strongly fortified defensive line. February 18, Soviet troops went to the defense. This ended the Rostov Offensive Operation of 1943.

Heroes of Rostov-on-Don:
Vasiliy Filippovich Gerasimenko (1900 - 1961) - Lieutenant-General Gerasimenko commanded the 28th Army
Madoyan Ghukas Karapetovich (1906-1975) - commander of the battalion of the 159th Infantry Brigade of the 28th Army of the Southern Front, senior lieutenant, Hero of the Soviet Union.
Peskov Dmitry Mikhailovich (1914-1975) - Commander of the battery of the 2nd Guards Independent Artillery Division of the 4th Guards Cavalry Corps of the Southern Front, Guard Senior Lieutenant, Hero of the Soviet Union.
Lysin Ivan Pavlovich (1914 - 1944) - junior lieutenant of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army, a participant in the Great Patriotic War, Hero of the Soviet Union. Kirichenko Nikolai Yakovlevich (1895 - 1973) - commander of the 4th Guards Cavalry Corps and horse-mechanized group of the Transcaucasian Front, Lieutenant-General. Trifonov (Yugov) Mikhail Mikhailovich (1913-1943) - partisan commander.

Source: Rostov Operation 1943 / / Great Patriotic War, 1941-1945: encyclopedia / edited by. M. M. Kozlova. - M.: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1985. - P. 621. - 500 000 copies.

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